Phase 4 water conservation in effect

Water Use Tracker02/12/2024 – City of Leander has moved to Phase 4 water conservation (water emergency), which prohibits all outdoor watering, including hand held. Leander water customers should turn off irrigation systems and limit other nonessential uses until further notice.

Everyday water uses like drinking, bathing, and washing clothes and dishes are still allowed. However, all other nonessential water uses should be reduced as much as possible to keep water demands low.

Questions? Contact us or view our Frequently Asked Questions below.

BCRUA pipeline

Phase 4 is needed because contractors for the Brushy Creek Regional Utility Authority (BCRUA) will begin replacing approximately 1,400 feet of 36-inch underwater pipeline used to convey raw water from Lake Travis to the BCRUA water treatment plant, Leander's primary source for potable water. The project begins Wednesday, Feb. 28 and is expected to be completed by the first week of April.

The pipeline replacement will require a shutdown of the BCRUIA water treatment plant, and Leander will rely on its smaller Sandy Creek water treatment plant, which means the City's treatment capacity is reduced from 25 million gallons a day (MGD) to 9 MGD. In January, Leander water customers averaged 8.6 MGD with a maximum usage of 11.7 MGD recorded on Jan. 16.

Phase 4 water conservation

City actions during Phase 4:

  • Turn off irrigation systems at all public parks and City facilities
  • Turn off commercial irrigation systems and bulk water meter connections
  • Stop water main and line flushing unless necessary for public health, safety, and welfare
  • Delay issuance of pool and irrigation system permits
  • Delay landscape installations and related building activities which require nonessential water uses
  • Delay new water meter installations

Customer actions during Phase 4:

  • Turn off irrigation systems completely.
  • Check faucets, pipes, and appliances for potential water leaks and contact a licensed plumber to repair immediately.
  • Minimize total water usage to the greatest extent possible.

Phase 4 enforcement

Each violation that occurs within a 12-month period during Phase 4 conservation measures may be enforced pursuant to the following:

ViolationResidential CustomersCommercial Customers
First offenseCourtesy warningCourtesy warning
Second and subsequent offense(s)$1,000 and emergency disconnection*$1,000 and emergency disconnection*

* Water service may be disconnected under the emergency disconnection procedures set forth in code of ordinances Sec. 13.09.014(d)(1) for a second violation that occurs during Phase 4 conservation.

How else can residents help?

If you are a Leander water customer, encourage others to turn off irrigation systems completely, Leander's largest water demands come from residential and commercial irrigation system uses during hot, dry temperatures. For example, average summer use is about 18-19 million gallons per day while average winter use is 7-8 million gallons per day.

Residents should also report water violations to the city's Code Enforcement division as soon as possible. We will attempt to communicate Phase 4 measures with first-time violators before issuing citations.

How will customers be notified about updates?

Customers should follow this page, as well as city accounts on Facebook and Twitter, for additional water conservation updates. City officials also will post Phase 4 signage along rights-of-way and other public areas to notify the public about Phase 4 conservation.

Customers are encouraged to opt-in to receive local emergency notifications by registering at In addition to conservation messages, critical community alerts may include natural disasters, weather warnings, evacuation notices, bio-terrorism alerts, boil water notices, and missing child reports.

On Dec. 19, 2020, a separation of 36-inch BCRUA underwater pipeline near an intake barge in Lake Travis prompted a shutdown of the BCRUA water treatment plant. Initial repairs were completed April 29, 2021.

In Aug. 2022, during routine monitoring, BCRUA contractors discovered a new leak in the previously repaired section of 36-inch underwater pipeline. Emergency repair work started Sept. 21 and completed  Oct. 5. During that time, Leander advanced to Phase 4 emergency conservation measures as engineers conducted a controlled shutdown of the BCRUA water treatment plant to facilitate repairs.

On Feb. 14, 2023, during routine monitoring, BCRUA officials noticed a reduction in water pressure at the BCRUA raw water intake barge and determined that a ball joint connecting to the previously repaired section of 36-inch raw water pipeline had failed. Repairs and plant restoration were completed in March.

On May 4, 2023, the City of Leander authorized BCRUA to purchase 1,400 feet of new 36-inch ductile-iron pipe. Replacement of the underwater pipe section is scheduled to begin Feb. 28, 2024. Funding for the $6.7 million project is provided in part by BCRUA partner cities Leander, Cedar Park, Round Rock, and from Williamson County.